The town continued to grow as a tourist destination, becoming known as the "Queen of the Hills". The place was then known as the '. Under this treaty, Nepal had to concede some of its captured territory to the British including the Kingdom of Sikkim & Darjeeling. The country was still practically uninhabited ... About 10 years previously 1,200 able-bodied Lepchas, forming, according to Captain Herbert, two-thirds of the population of Sikkim, had been forced by the oppression of the Raja to fly from Darjeeling and its neighbourhood, and to take refuge in Nepal. Soon afterwards the popular hills station became a sort of reprise for the British who wanted to escape from the assaulting heat of the plains in Summer. The king signed a deed which stated that Darjeeling was given as a gift to East India Company as a friendly gesture, and in return the company granted an annual allowance of Rs. Soon afterwards the popular hills station became a sort of reprise for the British who wanted to escape from the assaulting heat of the plains in Summer. He retired and handed over the administration to Dewan Namguay (the person responsible for the arrest of Dr. Campbell). Sikkim was also continuously invaded by the Gorkhas from Nepal. What little cultivation there was, had been abandoned."[2]. "Darjeeling disaster" was an earthquake in 1898 that caused considerable damage to the young town and its native population. But it didn't happen overnight. Darjeeling Tea from Goomtee, is processed in the traditional “Orthodox” way - breed and harvested at an altitude of over 4500 ft combined with excellent harvesting methods, this has ensured quality of pure china tea leaf. Before this, Darjeeling was the ancient Gorkha capital. Darjeeling is the home of many mixed immigrants from Bhutan, Sikkim, and Nepal. Two officers - Captain Lloyd and Mr. Grant were sent to handle the dispute in 1828. In 1706 however, the present Kalimpong district was taken over by the Bhutanese. In 1839 Dr. Archibald Campbell, a British resident in Nepal was brought in as Superintendent of Darjeeling. As a result, Sikkim's king now got completely isolated and could not access the plains without passing through British territory. 6,000 per year. Darjeeling has been lovingly referred to as the ‘Queen of Hills’. So, where is the question of returning anything back to Nepal which did illegally occupy parts of Sikkim for few decades before being chased out by the British? Later, the Maharaja of Sikkim gifted Darjeeling to the British. This was an unconditional cession of what was then a worthless uninhabited mountain, but in 1841 the British government granted the Chogyal of Sikkim an allowance of Rs. Having lost the war, the King of Nepal was forced to sign the, 10 years later (i.e. Darjeeling (Bengali: [ˈdarˌdʒiliŋ], Nepali: [darˈd͡ziliŋ]) is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal.It is located in the Lesser Himalayas at an elevation of 2,000 metres (6,700 ft). Unfortunately the monastery was destroyed by the invading Gurkha Army in 1815. In 1835, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company by the King of Sikkim. Understanding the Demand for Self-Rule in the Darjeeling Hills. Under this treaty, Nepal had to concede some of its captured territory to the British including the Kingdom of Sikkim & Darjeeling. The mountains are always cool and inviting here. The mountains are always cool and inviting here. The Darjeeling district can be said to have assumed its present shape and size in 1866 with an … Second, the primitive agricultural method known as, In Jhuming method, a part of the forest would be burnt down and the cleared land would be then used to grow crops. Finally Darjeeling was on its way for rapid development with more certainty. And so they created the Lloyd Botanical Garden in Darjeeling, which offers a protected habitat for many species of Himalayan trees and plants.The Garden is open from 6 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, except for the main conservatory which is closed on Sundays. The proposal was later approved. After independence when the first parliamentary election took place in India, no hill leader participated. He was asked to negotiate with king of Sikkim to carve out Darjeeling, which he did successfully in 1835. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. In the provisions of 1935 Act of Government of India, Darjeeling hill area was declared as the 'Partially excluded area' and therefore one seat was allotted for a member to be elected for the Provincial Legislature of Bengal. More than a fallout between the two ethnic groups, it was basically a race for the prized throne. Sikkimese made various demands against the release of the two men, but finally had to release them on 24th December 1849 unconditionally under a lot of pressure. It is 2134 m or 7000ft above sea level. Darjeeling tea remains a world-renowned export from Darjeeling. In February 1829 dispute between Nepal and Sikkim arose regarding their borders (especially Ontoo Dara) and the then British Governor-General of India, Lord William Bentinck, sent two officers, Captain George Alymer Lloyd and J. W. Grant, to help resolve the situation. It is said that it was formerly a place of worship of the Rongs where three stone stand erect (Lung-Chok) till today. This allowance was subsequently increased to Rs. Henry Lennox, a British pioneer, was the first to start planting teas in this garden back in 1899. Later, in 1835, the hill of Darjeeling, including an enclave of 138 square miles (360 km 2), was gifted to the British East India Company. In 1881, the famous. The experiments were successful and soon several tea estates started operating commercially. And over the next 30years, the Gorkhas kept on conquering areas towards east as far as Teesta river bank and even captured the Terai area (i.e. This has been called the queen of hill-stations. In 1835, a member of the Indian Medical Service, Archibald Campbell, was appointed as agent of the leased tract, and Lieutenant Napier (later Lord Napier of Magdala) set to work improving the area and laying the foundations of the hill station of Darjeeling. Previously a part of Sikkim, Darjeeling was given to the East India Company as a gift from the king of Sikkim in the year 1835. The DGHC was given semi-autonomous powers to govern the district. First the annual allowance of Rs. In 1817, it was gifted to the British East India Company by the king of Sikkim. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. This hill town was developed in the mid 19th century, when the British set up a sanatorium and a military depot in Darjeeling. Annexation into the British Indian Empire, Bengal District Gazetteer By L.S.S O' Malley, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_Darjeeling&oldid=988557501, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Khawas, Vimal (2003). They enjoyed monopoly in trade in Sikkim thus far. Part of the state of Sikkim, Darjeeling became part of an important buffer state between Nepal and Bhutan. However in 1865 a treaty was signed between the British and the Bhutanese which allowed possession of Kalimpong by the British in return of an annual subsidy. After this, conflicts started taking serious shape. Many of them are very highly rated schools even today and offer boarding facilities. But Kalimpong was still under the Captivity of Bhutanese who kept plundering properties in the area and were killing innocent people. 100,000 per annum as compensation, and raised the grant to Rs. Darjeeling is a quaint hill station in the lap of Eastern Himalayas in India. 8 1863–1874 With all such development taking place, population in Darjeeling started growing rapidly, many came here as permanent residents and others for seasonal retreats. Bentinck agreed to acquire the hill tract as a military outpost and sanatorium, acknowledging that it also offered strategic advantages as a military outpost and trading hub. Following a lot of pressure from the British, Sikkim finally gifted Darjeeling to British India on the understanding that a certain amount would be … In November 1864, the Treaty of Sinchula was executed in which the Bhutan Dooars with the passes leading into the hills and Kalimpong were ceded to the British by Bhutan . Darjeeling Municipality took responsibility in maintaining the civic administration of the town from as early as 1850. However, there was a failed assassination attempt by revolutionaries on Sir John Anderson, the Governor of Bengal in the 1930s. Now available in the Internet Archive in this, This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 22:15. In 1826, Chogyal Tsugphud Namgyal (on the advice of his mother who was a Lepcha herself) passed a resolution for the assassination of his Prime Minister - Bolot. 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