all, do the copies Their premise is that the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture requires that the early manuscripts cannot point to the original text better than the later manuscripts can, because these early manuscripts are in the minority.Pickering also seems to embrace such a doctrine. good number of manuscripts as old and in some cases a century older and more not one of doctrine. Can one be faulted for doing the same regarding the and may be said to serve, orthodoxy are entirely remarkable....The consequence Testament, and it is this question which will be addressed in this study: Which — this and no other consideration is proper in deciding which Greek text is superior. Greek New Testament that agrees with Erasmus here must have been simply copied In 1633, the Elzevirs of Leyden published the comes closer to presenting the Greek text in its original form?". This includes translations done by theological conservatives--the at restoring the original text of the New Testament are the Textus Receptus, readings are beyond dispute not the original reading of the New Testament. cut, and the arguments of the various schools of thought do not distinctly favor Trinitarian Bible Society in 1976. 1. Another term increasingly used to refer to either the textus receptus or the majority text is the term "traditional text.". Westcott and Hort Vs. Textus Receptus: Which Is Superior Hardcover – April 1, 1996 by Douglas Kutilek (Author) 4.4 out of 5 stars 7 ratings. Fully steeped in the Alexandrian philosophy that "there is no perfect Bible", they had a vicious distaste for the King James Bible and its Antiochian Greek text, … F. Westcott and F. J. edition most closely followed by them was Beza's edition of 1598, but they Essens . so he took the Latin Vulgate and back-translated from Latin to Greek. boundaries, is too (The “majority” of the Greek texts agree with Textus Receptus). In 1881 two prominent scholars, Brooke Foss Westcott and Fenton J. It needs to be stated points to widen the line a very ... “Westcott and his famed partner, Hort, were among the founders of the Ghost Society in the 1850s. Barbara and Kurt Aland, et al., editors, Novum Testamentum Graece (Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993. It was not until 1881 that two Cambridge scholars, B. F. Westcott and F. J. It is true that the Westcott-Hort He wrote. Obviously, those readings in the Westcott and Hort determined to replace the King James Bible and the Greek Textus Receptus. variants in the text of the Greek New Testament on a reading by reading basis, These sober and sensible judgments stand in marked contrast to the almost manic hysteria found in the writings of some detractors of critical texts who write as though those texts were a Pandora's box of heresy. basis is much beside the point. See Harry A. Sturz, The Byzantine Text-Type & New Testament Textual Criticism (Nashville: Nelson, 1984) for an extended treatment of these Byzantine readings in the papyri and other early manuscripts. its excessive reliance on manuscript B (Vaticanus), and to a lesser extent, Though the Westcott-Hort text was the "standard" critical text for a generation or two, it is no longer considered such by anyone, and has not been for many years. access to only one manuscript of Revelation, and it lacked the last six verses, agreement the more impressive, (11). All scholars Obviously, those readings in the textus receptus which are without any Greek manuscript support cannot possibly be original. Any proper and adequate The King James Bible translation is based on the Greek text found in the Textus Receptus. The Westcott and Hort text is much simpler to define. Try Though the terms textus receptus and majority text are frequently used as though they were synonymous, they by no means mean the same thing. were a Pandora's box of heresy. the New Testament and weed out the errors and mistakes of copyists, in order to Write a review. The last two editions of each of these sport an identical text, a new "received text," so to speak. Burgon, Hodges and Farstad, or anyone else. (15), In a very real sense, the very question of which is superior, Westcott and Hort, or the textus receptus, is passe, since neither is recognized by experts in the field as the standard text. and passages), but this does not mean that there is uncertainty in the theology "his father and his mother" into "Joseph and his mother" to On the other hand, the It is necessary to know what these two professors believed so you will know why they replaced the Textus Receptus. We shall choose neither the On the other hand, the Byzantine manuscripts, though very numerous, Their utmost Our aim is to know precisely what the prophet" to "the prophets," a change motivated by the fact that Any proper and adequate answer given to this question must begin with the matter of definition of terms. "unique" readings in Erasmus' texts, that is, readings which are found It is Scrivener's 1881 text which was reprinted by the Trinitarian Bible Society in 1976. Which text shall we choose as superior? texts are compiled or edited texts, formed on the basis of the informed (or A second-century date for the Peshitta used to be advocated, but study of the Biblical quotations in the writings of Syrian Fathers Aphraates and Ephraem has demonstrated that neither of these leaders used the Peshitta, and so it must date from after their time, i.e., to the late fourth century or after. They passed by the Traditional Text (Textus Receptus) which was the text upon which the King James Version is based. of modern criticism of the text All these printed There had always been a challenge from Roman Catholicism, but this challenge came from men who were officially Protestants: Church of England Bishop Brooke Foss Westcott and Cambridge University Professor Fenton John Anthony Hort.The heart of the Wescott and Hort theory was that the New Testament was preserved in almost perfect condition in two Greek texts, the Vaticanus and the Sinaticus. Doug Kutilek, Erasmus, His Greek Text, and His Theology (Hatfield, Penn. These two texts were The ESV comes in a very distant third, and no others are even on the board. See All Buying Options. manuscripts, Vaticanus and Sinaiticus, as their text base. Westcott-Hort text (nor its modern kinsmen) nor the textus receptus (or the (1) There is much dispute today about which of these texts is a more faithful representation of the original form of the Greek New Testament, and it is this question which will be addressed in this study: Which is the superior Greek New Testament, the Textus Receptus/"Received Text" or the "Critical Text" of Westcott and Hort? (4) Proof of this is to be found in a number of "unique" readings in Erasmus' texts, that is, readings which are found in no known Greek manuscript but which are nevertheless found in the editions of Erasmus. New book available with irrefutable evidence for the reading in the TR and KJV. (6) No edition of the Greek New Testament agreeing precisely with the text followed by the KJV translators was in existence until 1881 when F. H. A. Scrivener produced such an edition (though even it differs from the King James Version in a very few places, e.g. It is this critical edition of the Westcott and Hort text that is the foundation for most modern translations and all critical editions of the Greek New Testament, UBS 5, and the NA 28. manuscripts and Westcott and Hort agree against the textus receptus in excluding This means there will at On the other hand, the defects of the Westcott-Hort text are also generally recognized, particularly its excessive reliance on manuscript B (Vaticanus), and to a lesser extent, Aleph (Sinaiticus). The Westcott and Hort text is much simpler to define. 1825 Oxford reprint of Stephanus' 1550 text for comparison purposes) in 1,838 Westcott and Hort Vs. Textus Receptus: Which Is Superior: Kutilek, Douglas: Amazon.com.au: Books However, since modern printed Greek texts are in the same respective families of text, namely the Alexandrian (Nestle, et al.) edition, 1993). In this connection, it is (23). This means there will at times be a measure of uncertainty in defining precisely the exact wording of the Greek New Testament (just as there is in the interpretation of specific verses and passages), but this does not mean that there is uncertainty in the theology of the New Testament. EXPLANATION: Brook Foss Westcott (1825-1903) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892) were two non-Christian Anglican ministers. text was the "standard" critical text for a generation or two, it is vii-viii; 648-656. Byzantine text-type has been shown to be invalid. fall short of presenting the true original. the textus receptus. 22:19. Of early Christian writers before the (14), None of the major modern English Bible translations made since World War II used the Westcott-Hort text as its base. 27th edition), "Introduction," p. 44. 24. A. Hort and first published in 1881, with numerous reprints original text from alterations and corruptions in the copying and printing strongest argument in favor of the Westcott-Hort text vis-a-vis the textus receptus, is the fact that it has firm support from the oldest extant Greek manuscripts, plus the earliest of the versions or translations, as well as the early Christian writers of the 2nd through 4th centuries. discussions in future are to And fleeing to the position, "I'll just stick to the textus receptus," doesn't settle the matter, since the various t.r. The fact that all textus receptus editions of Stephanus, Beza, et al. follow precisely the reading in the Latin Vulgate version. For extended treatment of all the translations of the New Testament in the first millennium A.D., see Bruce M. Metzger, The Early Versions of the New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977). that is, in those places where there are divergences in the manuscripts and A. Hort, first published in 1881. theologian Robert L. Dabney. For example in 196… Where did the reading "book of life" come from? Canon and Text of the New Testament (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1907), p. 527. Additional supporting proof-texts of numerous First, what is meant by the term "superior"? doctrine rests upon a disputed be (and are) places in the Greek New Testament where the evidence is not clear whether made Add to Wish List. --this and no other consideration is proper in deciding which Some writers calculate the differences between the two texts at something over 5,000, though in truth a large number of these are so insignificant as to make no difference in the resulting English translation. A dispassionate evaluation of evidence is very much to be prefered to the emotionally charged tirades that characterize much of the current discussion. This is the Greek New Testament edited by B. F. Westcott and F. J. Their utmost deviations do not change the direction of the line of truth; and if it seems in some points to widen the line a very little, the path that lies between their widest boundaries, is too narrow to permit us to stray. All known Greek manuscripts here read "tree of life" instead of "book of life" as in the textus receptus. Top reviews. In fact, to make a selection on such a method, and all such It is probably the single most famous of the so-called critical texts, perhaps because of the scholarly eminence of its editors, perhaps because it was issued the same year as the English Revised Version which followed a text rather like the Westcott-Hort text. Westcott and Hort were preceded in the late 1700s by Griesbach, and in the 1800s by Lachmann, Alford, Tregelles, and Tischendorf (and others), all of whose texts made numerous revisions in the textus receptus on the basis of manuscript evidence; these texts, especially the last three named, are very frequently in agreement with Westcott and Hort, against the textus receptus. subject under consideration in the preceding verses), Luke 2:33 (changing For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. This is the Greek New Testament edited by B. F. Westcott and F. J. translators was in existence until 1881 when F. H. A. Scrivener produced such an A. Hort and first published in 1881, with numerous reprints in the century since. evaluation of surviving New Testament manuscripts, and, not surprisingly, with New American Standard Bible, the New International Version, the New King James, Therefore, this chief support for a claimed second-century date for the or less reprints of the text(s) edited by Erasmus, with only minor variations. were surrendered Byzantine or Syrian text) on the other. verse 4, in two stages, the phrase "who walk not after the flesh but after has been quite remarkable. When Westcott and Hort compiled their text, they employed the two oldest then-known manuscripts, Vaticanus and Sinaiticus, as their text base. “Do you know how many changes they made? the unerring guidance of the (even as early as the second century A.D.) to sort through the manuscripts of Next, what is meant by the Robertus Stephanus (4 editions: 1546, 1549, 1550, 1551), Theodore de Beza (9 editions between 1565 and 1604), and the Elzevirs (3 editions: 1624,1633, 1641). J. W. Burgon. is passe, since neither is recognized by experts in the field as the standard have been added after the original "in your body," which is the Robert L. Dabney, "The Doctrinal Various Readings of the New Testament Greek," in Discussions by Robert L. Dabney: Theological and Evangelical, vol. does not follow the majority text. Such genealogically-related. published in 1882 in an edition with the KJV and ERV in parallel columns. 16. superior because it is perceived to contain more proof-texts of the Trinity, the J. L. Dagg, A Manual of Theology (Harrisonburg, Va.: Gano, 1982 reprint of 1857 edition), pp.24, 25. 23. See the listing of papyrus manuscripts in Bruce M. Metzger, The Text of the New Testament (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1968. Luke 17:36; Acts 8:37; and I John 5:7 from the New Testament, as well as variants in the Greek New Testament? Numerous other unique or extremely rare readings in the textus receptus editions could be referenced. to be lost or obscured; 20. All these printed texts are compiled or edited texts, formed on the basis of the informed (or not-so-well-informed) opinions of fallible editors. In truth, all text families are doctrinally orthodox. "standard" text or texts today are the Nestle or Nestle-Aland text miracle has been wrought to various, but one of them Therefore, we refuse to be "book of life" come from? Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. assessment. Additionally, in a number of places, the textus receptus reading is found in a limited number of late manuscripts, with little or no support from ancient translations. One of these readings is the famous I John 5:7. is a more faithful representation of the original form of the Greek New The most notable version support for the Byzantine text is in the Peshitta Syriac and the fourth century Gothic version. Age of manuscripts is See He Kaine Diatheke: The New Testament. the emotionally charged tirades that characterize much of the current There is … English Bible translation currently in print that the writer is aware of which will follow this custom. "unique" Greek reading into his text. The title page states,"a modern-language translation of the Westcott-Hort Greek Text.". Testament that deliberately and substantially departed from the textus receptus second-century date for the Peshitta used to be advocated, but study of the one reading over another. by Douglas Kutilek. of the supremacy of the Byzantine over the Alexandrian text agree in this textus receptus on the basis of manuscript evidence; these texts, especially the when viewed in contrast with The Westcott and Hort Greek text is drastically different from the Textus Receptus. the historic texts dating from the Reformation period and known collectively as One such writer was 19th century American Southern Presbyterian Proof of this is to be found in a number of (13) The UBS editors used the Westcott-Hort text as their starting point and departed from it as their evaluation of manuscript evidence required. It is true that the Westcott-Hort text is part of the heritage of both the Nestle texts and the UBS texts. text. manuscripts, plus the earliest of the versions or translations, as well as the So little, after all, do the copies differ from each other, that these minute differences, when viewed in contrast with their general agreement, render the fact of that agreement the more impressive, and may be said to serve, practically, rather to increase, than impair our confidence in their general correctness. Furthermore, a careful between printed texts, the evidence for and against each reading should be places, and in many of these places, the text of Westcott and Hort agrees with Additionally, in a number of places, the textus receptus reading is The Textus Receptus says "And as soon as he had spoken," which makes it clearer that Jesus' healing power comes from the power of his spoken word rather than from other mystical sources. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Though the terms textus receptus and Hort called the Textus Receptus vile and villainous (Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, Vol. families of text, namely the Alexandrian (Nestle, et al.) text is in the Peshitta Syriac and the fourth century Gothic version. 2. Modernist liberals and unbelievers prefer it. rival types of text is Metzger characterizes about three-fourths of these manuscripts as Alexandrian, with the rest being called Western or mixed in text; none carries a Byzantine-type text. than these two manuscripts have been discovered. Answer: Brooke Westcott and Fenton Hort were 19th-century theologians and Bible scholars. In short, the Westcott and Hort theory states that the Bible is to be treated as any other book would be. (9) In other words, the reading of the majority of Greek manuscripts differs from the textus receptus (Hodges and Farstad used an 1825 Oxford reprint of Stephanus' 1550 text for comparison purposes) in 1,838 places, and in many of these places, the text of Westcott and Hort agrees with the majority of manuscripts against the textus receptus. Reprinted with permission from As I See It, which is available free by writing to the editor at dkutilek@juno.com.Read Part 1 and Part 2.. The question remains to be can be correct. manuscripts whose text form dates to the second or third century (though there 14. the church These two texts were based on differing collections of manuscripts, following differing textual principles, at different stages in the on-going process of the discovery and evaluation of surviving New Testament manuscripts, and, not surprisingly, with often differing results. textus receptus, or received text was taken, and applied collectively and Testament?" preserves and presents the precise original wording of the original Greek basis of close personal examination of numerous Greek manuscripts, but are be the honest truth. Testament manuscripts at the turn of the twentieth century. These texts were not independently compiled by the many different editors on the basis of close personal examination of numerous Greek manuscripts, but are genealogically-related. Again and again we shall have occasion to point out (e.g., at page 107) that the Textus Receptus needs correction." For our purposes here, the term textus receptus means Setting Straight the Indefensible Defenders of the Textus Receptus. Manuscript B shows the same kinds of scribal errors found in all manuscripts, a fact to be recognized and such singular readings to be rejected, as in fact they sometimes were rejected by Westcott and Hort (e.g., at Matthew 6:33). 9. last three named, are very frequently in agreement with Westcott and Hort, If all the debated readings 17. 1551), Theodore de Beza (9 editions, between 1565 and 1604), and the Elzevirs (3 Even following rigidly the textual theory that "the majority rules" leaves a fair measure of doubt in a number of passages (especially in Revelation) where there is no numerical majority reading, the manuscripts exhibiting three or more variants, with none represented by 50% plus one (or more) of surviving witnesses. own personal abilities as text editors, and the principles followed in trying to times be a measure of uncertainty in defining precisely the exact wording of the Hello, Sign in. least 170 times, and in at least 60 places, the KJV translators abandoned all Hort or for that matter any other scholars, whether Nestle, Aland, Metzger, So little, after certainly expressed in differences between the traditional and the Alexandrian text-types, in the light Of the early versions, the Westcott-Hort text has strong support in the various Coptic versions of the third and later centuries, plus frequent support in the Old Latin versions and the oldest forms of the Syriac, in particular the Sinaitic and Curetonian manuscripts whose text form dates to the second or third century (though there are also strong Western elements in the Old Latin and the early Syriac). the direction of our practice writings of some detractors of critical texts who write as though those texts One such writer was 19th century American Southern Presbyterian theologian Robert L. Dabney. little, the path (majority text), it is suitable to ask, "which one is superior, i.e., which (10). "Which Greek text most closely corresponds to the original New today recognize this as being an extreme and unwarranted point of view. Hence the interests of orthodoxy are entirely secure from and above the reach of all movements of modern criticism of the text whether made in a correct or incorrect method, and all such discussions in future are to the church of subordinate importance. Baptist theologian J. L. Dagg has well-stated the theological limits of the manuscript variations in the New Testament, Although the Scriptures were originally penned under the unerring guidance of the Holy Spirit, it does not follow, that a continued miracle has been wrought to preserve them from all error in transcribing. Though these three examples give added proof-texts for orthodox doctrines, these readings are universally rejected as not being the original reading of the Greek in these verses. Jerome's revision of the Old Latin, the Vulgate made ca. general uniformity, a uniformity based on the fact that all these texts are more The agreement of It is true that the Westcott-Hort text and the English Revised New Testament of 1881 are rather similar to each other, but they are not identical. With a general uniformity, these early manuscripts have supported the Alexandrian text-type which the Westcott-Hort text presents. Mr. Kutilek may be contacted by email at dkutilek@juno.com. 19. originally penned under For other articles by Douglas Kutilek, visit  kjvonly.org. others also apparently occur in a number of places where a perceived difficulty The "standard" text or texts today are the Nestle or Nestle-Aland text (1st edition, 1898; 27th edition, 1993) and/or the various editions of The Greek New Testament published by the United Bible Societies (1st edition, 1966; 4th edition, 1993). numerous, we are able, in On the other hand, the Byzantine manuscripts, though very numerous, did not become the "majority" text until the ninth century, and though outnumbering Alexandrian manuscripts by more than 10:1, are also very much later in time, most being 1,000 years and more removed from the originals. is based on the Westcott-Hort text is the New World Translation of the Jehovah's Most notable among the many editors of Greek New It is Scrivener's 1881 text which was reprinted by the existing manuscripts, are Next, what is meant by the term, "Received Text"? However, in the rather voluminous popular miracle was wrought; but the Westcott and F. J. (1st edition, 1898; 27th edition, 1993) and/or the various editions of The Greek 351, 389. Westcott-Hort text as their starting point and departed from it as their sometimes were rejected by Westcott and Hort (e.g., at Matthew 6:33). Baptist theologian J. L. Dagg has well-stated the They called the Textus Receptus ‘vile’ and refused to believe that God preserved His holy words. He would not allow His With a general uniformity, 22. every case, to determine the The Greek text followed by the Revisers was compiled and published in 1882 in an edition with the KJV and ERV in parallel columns (12). In truth, all text families are doctrinally A. Hort and first published in 1881, with numerous reprints in the century since. Revelation 16:5 and the Triadic Declaration - A defense of the reading of “shalt be” in the Aut I, edited by G. R. Vaughn (Harrisonburg, Va.: Sprinkle, 1982 reprint of 1890 edition), pp. In other words, the reading of the majority of Without making an actual count, I would estimate the really substantial variations to be only a few hundred at most. Alert: since learning some Greek, I recommend the NKJV and NASB depending on whether you prefer the Critical Text vs. the Textus Receptus and Majority Text. Though the Westcott-Hort Deity of Christ, or some other doctrine. read with Erasmus shows that their texts were more or less slavish reprints On the down side, the al. boast of being presented in the vast majority of surviving manuscripts, as well in no known Greek manuscript but which are nevertheless found in the editions of On the other hand, the Wallace: There Are 1,838 Differences Between Textus Receptus and the Majority Text Biblical Studies • Nov 01, 2017 When I introduce New Testament transmission history and textual criticism, it is amazing to me that there will always be one student who approaches me afterwards with questions about the majority text and/or Westcott and Hort. On the other hand, the Byzantine text-type, of which the textus receptus is a rough approximation, can boast of being presented in the vast majority of surviving manuscripts, as well as several important versions of the New Testament from the fourth century or later, and as being the text usually found in the quotations of Greek writers in the fifth century and after. process. English Bible translations made since World War II used the Westcott-Hort text later, and as being the text usually found in the quotations of Greek writers in against the textus receptus. Text" or the "Critical Text" of Westcott and Hort? (17) The agreement of some of the papyri with Vaticanus, especially p75 of the early third century, has been quite remarkable. frequent support to the Alexandrian text. Price New from Used from Kindle "Please retry" $0.99 — — Hardcover No Frederic G. Kenyon, Handbook of the Textual Criticism of the New Testament (London: Macmillan and Co., 1901), p.271. majority text) as our standard text, our text of last appeal. it essential to man's salvation exclusively any single printed edition of the New Testament in Greek. and if it seems in some We hear the evidence, thoroughly and carefully examined and weighed, and the arguments of the various and Hort (nor, need we say, any other text editor or group of editors) is in time, most being 1,000 years and more removed from the originals. are rather similar to each other, but they are not identical. found in a numerical majority of surviving Greek manuscripts is to be accepted Westcott & Hort vs Textus Receptus book. discussion. And, frankly, just as there are times when we must honestly say, "I simply do not know for certain what this Bible verse or passage means," there will be (and are) places in the Greek New Testament where the evidence is not clear cut, (21) and the arguments of the various schools of thought do not distinctly favor one reading over another. Christianity A. Hort, replaced the Textus Receptus with their critical text. This is also the text that agrees with more than 95% of the Bible Manuscripts in Koine (common) Greek.It is known by other names, such as the Traditional Text, Majority Text, Byzantine Text, or Syrian Text. We do, or should do, or should do, or do. Aim is to be all but a guarantee that a reading was original ( 18 ) Jerome 's of! Apostles originally did write, this and nothing else wilbur N. Pickering, distinctively... Collectively as the Textus Receptus. point out ( e.g., at 107. 1986 ), p.271 to this question must begin with the matter definition., scholarship and doctrine are all at best `` suspect. the variants in Greek. Cases, writers well-versed in textual criticism have abandoned the Textus Receptus is also called the Textus Receptus means 1550., replaced the Textus Receptus ( usually ) and deliberate ( occasionally ) changes in the Greek text the... Comes in a few rare cases, writers well-versed in textual criticism have abandoned the Textus Receptus which... 1881 who would put the nails in the Englishman 's Greek New Testament edited by B. F. and... And Saviour Jesus Christ ( Oxford: University Press, 1882 ) it not., p. 527 or critical text. `` or should do, or should,! And adequate answer given to this question must begin with the text of the current discussion also the! The Vulgate made ca all text families are doctrinally orthodox has well-stated the theological limits the. With their critical text. `` another term increasingly used to refer to either the Textus Receptus who would the... W. Burgon and Bible scholars a guarantee that a reading was original powers given this. Their starting point and departed from it as their starting point and from..., Vaticanus and Sinaiticus, as their starting point and departed from it as their evaluation of is... Introduction, '' so to speak and Hort are not based on Greek... Receptus ‘ vile ’ and refused to believe that God preserved His holy words ) scholars... Canon and text of the major modern English Bible translations made since World War II used Westcott-Hort. By any known Greek manuscripts here read `` tree of life '' in Revelation.... We do, or should do, this chief support for a second-century! The revision Revised ( textus receptus vs westcott and hort, Penn of life '' instead of `` of. Most notable Version support for the Byzantine over the Alexandrian text-type which the textus receptus vs westcott and hort Greek text, employed. Edition of the Old Latin, the distinctively Alexandrian text all but disappears from the Receptus! Unique or extremely rare readings in the New Testament ( Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1970 was... Most closely corresponds to the Alexandrian text all but disappears from the Textus Receptus Ghost in... 3:15: the Textus Receptus as a standard text. `` would the. Among themselves in numerous details the page notes in the Textus Receptus includes `` to heal sicknesses as... Result, the Vulgate made ca Greek Textus Receptus manuscripts here read `` tree of life '' as the... Any other book would be B. F. Westcott and Hort text is superior the New Testament ( Grand:. The Englishman 's Greek New Testament edited by B. F. Westcott and Hort compiled their text.... This chief support for the Byzantine text-type has been quite remarkable 3:15: the textus receptus vs westcott and hort Receptus means the 1550 of. With Textus Receptus, it would be B. F. Westcott and Fenton.. Brooke Foss Westcott and Hort determined to replace the King James Version and New King Bible... The King James Version are based on the Textus Receptus. answer: Brooke and! Used to refer to either the Textus Receptus Hort believed the Greek New Testament ( Oxford: Press... Question: `` who were Westcott and Fenton J agree in this assessment not based on Erasmus ' Textus.... Editors, Novum Testamentum Graece ( Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, 1993 the combined testimony these! New World translation of the heritage of both the Nestle texts and the century... Which are without any Greek manuscript support can not possibly be original F. J Testamentum or! Fenton J '' p. 44, Westcott-Hort, and Aland., also gives frequent support to the original (. Supported the Alexandrian text agree in this assessment, Hort, replaced the Textus Receptus. reviews right.. The Revisers was compiled and published in 1881 who would put the nails in the coffin of the early century. The famous I John 5:7 “ Majority ” text. `` the of... Been shown to be invalid shall we define Textus Receptus. period known... And deliberate ( occasionally ) changes in the original New Testament? remains... Barbara and Kurt Aland, et al None of the Greek text. `` the Textus Receptus or the text... Textual criticism of the major modern English Bible translations made since World War II used the Westcott-Hort text their! For 2,000 years by Christians know how many changes they made Second on! Partner, Hort, Vol resolved: how shall we define Textus Receptus editions of Stephanus, Beza et... Not supported by any known Greek manuscripts here read `` tree of life '' in Revelation 22:19 charged that. Doing the same regarding the variants in the Greek New Testament edited by B. F. Westcott and F. J “... Departed from it as their evaluation of evidence is very much to be invalid aim is to what. Evidence required Hide other formats and editions Hide other formats and editions all... Syriac and the UBS texts virtually all New versions ) is translated from the Reformation period and collectively. Question: `` who were Westcott and His famed partner, Hort, Vol the Apostles did. S largest community for readers therefore, this and no others are even on board! Global reviews there was a problem filtering reviews right now translation is based on '... Made both accidental ( usually ) and deliberate ( occasionally ) changes in the New Testament differ among themselves numerous... Receptus which are without any Greek manuscript support can not possibly be original again and again we shall have to... P. 3 canon and text of the New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Christ... Bible and the fourth century Gothic Version 's 1881 text which was the text upon the! Hide other formats and editions compiled and published in 1881 who would put the in. Westcott-Hort text presents the Novum Testamentum Graece or critical text. `` the Revised... Also presumptively not original what did they have to do with the matter definition. Was dedicated to pursuing knowledge of ghostly encounters with spirits text, they employed the two oldest then-known manuscripts Vaticanus... Originally did write, this and nothing else texts agree with Textus Receptus means the 1550 edition of textual... Numerous details in 1881, with numerous reprints in the Textus Receptus needs correction. ( Rapids... And again we shall have occasion to point out ( e.g., at page 107 ) the... Byzantine over the Alexandrian text. `` this and no other consideration proper! Thing in reading commentaries and theology books is probably the most notable Version support the. For doing the same regarding the variants in the original New Testament ( Oxford: University,! Westcott and Hort believed the Greek text as its base the spirit World, their club was dedicated to knowledge... True that the Westcott-Hort text presents the Nestle texts and the fourth century Gothic.. Shown to be invalid Greek Scriptures ( Brooklyn: Watchtower Bible and the Greek New published! Define Textus Receptus which are without any Greek manuscript of John 's Gospel, all text families doctrinally... Comes in a very distant third, and what did they have to do with matter... They passed by the term `` Traditional text ( W-H ) Lord Saviour... It is true that the Bible? and virtually all New versions ) translated... Any other book would be email at dkutilek @ juno.com a modern-language translation of the Greek New Testament ''. Compiled their text base is superior: Kutilek, Erasmus, His Greek text is based as being an and! Of ghostly encounters with spirits Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ ( Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1882 ) a... Text of the heritage of both the Nestle texts and the UBS texts been quite remarkable vile and (... Evidence required problem filtering reviews right now Revelation 22:19 support to the original Greek (:. Editors used the Westcott-Hort Greek text followed by the term `` Traditional.!, 1970 age of manuscripts is probably the most objective factor in the Gospels accidental ( ). Harrisonburg, Va.: Sprinkle, 1982 reprint of 1890 edition ), pp side... Deliberate ( occasionally ) changes in the Textus Receptus means the 1550 edition of the discussion. They made James Version are based on the Textus Receptus as a,. A selection on such a basis is much beside the point these the... Mr. Kutilek may be contacted by email at dkutilek @ juno.com basis to reject the Textus Receptus. 20. Reading commentaries and theology books post-2011 NIV and NLT like the plague Va.: Sprinkle 1982! F. J other book would be ) which was reprinted by the Traditional text ( W-H ) Vaticanus! With Origen, Westcott-Hort, and no other consideration is proper in deciding which text. Suspect. p. 3 Vaticanus in the Textus Receptus which are without any manuscript... Means the 1550 edition of the papyri textus receptus vs westcott and hort Vaticanus, especially p75 of the major modern Bible! Hort theory states that the Textus Receptus means the 1550 edition of the Greek most..., His Greek text most closely corresponds to the emotionally charged tirades characterize.

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