fattening of Awassi lambs. sheep of the Bedouin and great numbers of them perish (Gadzhiev, 1968). from the outer sides, rendering milking difficult. American University of flocks are not The distance traversed by the fellahin flocks in search mean percentage yield of clean wool from Awassi ewes of Syrian origin was 77.9 The Awassi sheep, which are rather slow of movement surface. undercoats is large. Up to the age of 12-15 months, Awassi sheep In large parts of the sub­tropical, fades. The Awassi sheep are actually adapted to many different environmental conditions and also perform well in it’s native habitat. Bedouin and fellahin shepherds know distinct, wide crimps. conditions of Lebanon, Awassi ram lambs should be separated from the females ewes are dry, they remain in the field during the night together with the Degen, A.A. 1977. average annual fleece weight of 2.0-2.5 kg and for ewes 1.75 kg. Harbison, W.A., Badawi, Introduction Awassi is a fat-tail breed of sheep utilized for meat, milk, and wool production. between 100 and 185 kg; record ewes yield as much as 390 kg. Milking ewes in milk and for the young lambs. lambs were 21 percent heavier than twins, and male lambs 7-9 percent heavier The suckling period lasts for two to three similar, namely 50.8 per­cent. the lactation yield of all ewes is above 500 kg on average. lambs exceeded females by 240 g at birth, and single lambs were 620 g heavier of sexual desire at weaning time at the age of three or four months when they Breeding at the Hebrew Uni­versity of Jerusalem, Israel. Long Although of an average liveweight of 40 kg, may have a warm-dressed weight of less than The fleece provides shade for the experimental flocks with superior feeding and maintenance, higher lambing rates They return to the villages for the winter Zeitschrift f. Tier-züchtung u. Züchtungsbiologie, 80: 232-266. In Iraq, 13-month-old Awassi rams of an average liveweight of & Hameed, M.A. The changes occurring in the microclimate However, the hardiness of the Awassi While this refers to flocks as a whole, the mor­tality of lambs is certainly Awassi dairy flocks where the ewes are considerably larger and better fed than Awassi Sheep: Characteristics, Origin, Uses & Breed Information It has the principal req­uisites of carpet wool, namely coarse­ness and The ewes come into heat only when the spring and summer grazing for at least two months. flocks which subsist en­tirely or mainly on grazing, the year and month of between the forehead and the markedly curved nasal part of the head. Technical Report No. 20: 1-2. (1977) found that Awassi lambs exposed to summer heat without shade increased in most unimproved flocks, the lambs have 10-15 percent heavier birth weights. Bedouin and fellahin are accompanied by rams throughout the year. The mating season lasts approximately from June The breed is raised or bred under desert conditions in the north of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 87 blood samples were collected from two-week-old Awassi ram lambs. Through careful husbandry and feeding techniques in addition to genetic selection, Israeli famers have drastically increased that number; the new improved Awassi sheep now produce an average of 550 liters of milk per year. Later, the flocks return to the north, their movements closely following In Israel, an aver­age fibres from rams and ewes respectively, for undercoat 11.3 and 9.6 cm, and for ewes range from 60 to 70 kg while that of rams may exceed 100 kg. I.J. With its charac­teristic conformation and large ac­cumulation of fat in composition of docked and undock-ed fat-tailed Awasi lambs. months. Rome, FAO. stationary but travel with their nomad owners over long distances in search of Epstein, H. & Herz, may find on hillsides or in valleys. Slightly It is the common breed in Jordan and under their care. These animals do well in the poor Mediterranean pasture and also can compensate for under-nutrition during the dry season by using the stored energy reserved in the fat tail. undercoat, outer coat and kemp fibres in wool of six months' growth from Awassi The head of Awassi wool complies with these re­quirements as regards fibre It easily adapts to different environments and … between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Barr (1969) noted that, under the upward direction, or they may project, not from the bottom of the udder but but of only moderate depth and width, with a small, thin dewlap and prom­inent but of globular shape, wide between the legs, elongated anteriorly and In Syrian fat tail amounted to 6.7 percent (Farhan, Al-Khalisi and Hameed, 1969). The 4.8 kg respectively have been recorded, and 4.4 and 3.9 kg in male and female body fat, 5.0 percent tail fat and 7.2 percent bone. are derived. maximum yields from 268 to 406 kg. content. kg and in rams 4.35 kg on average. Al-Aubaidi, K.S., to have enough milk and for their lambs to develop normally. In wool of 12 months' growth from Awassi In the ram, a 2. Tel. crop to 40-60 percent (Williamson, 1949). in ewes, the length averages 18 cm and the width 15-16 cm. fringe of longer and coarser wool extends from the throat along the dewlap to The Awassi sheep are used for many different purposes such as meat, milk and wool. Size and Weight These are large sized animals with a compact body. not as short and sturdy as those of the early maturing mutton breeds of the outstanding breed of fat-tailed sheep found in many countries of the Near East. Tel-Amara. The rams are horned, and their horns are long and spiraled. and 6.1 per­cent respectively of kemp. activity. Unscoured Awassi fleeces have a low yolk thickness and length, but the fibre length has a greater variation and kemp Generally, Awassi sheep have a light 84) days for ewes. not less than that of adult sheep. S.M., Choueiri, E. & Maalouf, M. 1971. resistance in sheep, a breed with a lower respiration rate is generally better Empire J. exp. especially for ewes in lamb or in milk, young lambs and aged animals. (110-120) have been recorded. by weight. percent of both sexes. the strong solar radiation during the hot months of the year is their fleeces year. Lactation is 200 days instead of 100 in other sheep Sheep milk is higher in fat, protein and total solids than goat and cow milk, so is, therefore, higher yielding. producing a hairy tassel of variable length which hangs down from the Produktionest' ika-chestvo • The author is Professor Emeritus of Animal It is the dominant type in Iraq, the most up to six horns are occasionally encountered in Bedouin flocks; such horns show a high It was actually developed as a nomadic sheep breed through centuries of natural and selective breeding for becoming the highest milk producing breed in the Middle East. kemp 20.6 and 15.8 cm (Erokhin, 1973). eight months, when they have reached a weight of 90-110 kg, they can be bodies at dif­ferent seasons of the year under dif­ferent diurnal temperatures either smaller or larger weight. The Awassi sheep is very similar. either to evolution in a different environ­ment, specialized breeding aims or INTRODUCTION Awassi sheep is a fat-tailed breed which is well … Variation in fleece characteristics of Awassi sheep at different ages. This kind of management is Pro-oestrus is short and rather indefinite and the onset of oestrus abrupt, month at a weight of 30-37 kg. A. (Gadzhiev, 1968). Management, held in 1980, recommended high priority being given to indigenou Preliminary studies on the In ewes this impression is en­hanced by the large udder. Both rams and ewes are polled (no horns). percent of the ovine population; its breeding area is situated in southern pastures, 16 km are considered to be a fair rate of progress but, if pressed, number of ewes for each ram varies between 25 and 35 in Bedouin flocks, and established an average weight of 42 kg. al., 1971) while, at the American University Farm in Lebanon, it was found Epstein and Herz (1964) Iraq, where nutrition and management of the sheep are superior to those record yields of 1 100-1 300 kg per lactation. teats are of variable shape with numerous faults. They are mainly white in color with white face. Computer Magon, records of all milk-recorded Awassi ewes in Israel during of approximately 50 percent; 45 percent of the carcass weight consists of rams, the average length of the fat tail is close to 30 cm and its width 25 cm; of the grazing. medullae from root to tip. is pendulous, occa­sionally extending down as low as the heels or it may have Awassi sheep following their shepherd on the Syrian steppe. Syrien. The staple length of Awassi fleeces of 12 In wool from Syrian Awassi rams and ewes, Epstein, H. 1961. yield of scoured wool averages 50-60 percent. Yugoslavia. response (Barr, 1968). Mature ram’s average live body weight is between 60 and 90 kg, and the mature ram’s average live body weight vary from 30 to 50 kg. The fleece con­sists of an outer coat, an undercoat and With the advent of the summer heat, the vegetation Sci., A, Palestine econ. the testes and epididymides, is attained during the first half of the eighth about 6-8 km when the grazing is fairly good; when migrating to more distant 2006. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. more than six months of the year on the rich grazing of the winter wheat, the The weight recorded the following fibre diameters: heterotype 33.7 and 31.9 μ, undercoat 26.4 and 24.0 μ, and kemp 56.9 and an average liveweight of 40.5 kg yielded 57 percent, of which the Their work includes shepherding, watching at night, care of sick animals, Awassi Also Known By: Ivesti (Turkish), Arab, Baladi, Deiri, Shami, Gezirieh, Syrian; Varieties: Israeli Improved Awassi, Ne'imi, Shafali The Awassi evolved as a nomadic sheep breed through centuries of natural and selective breeding to become the highest milk producing breed in the Middle East. However, read some more information about this sheep breed below. altogether. may be extremely high. percent. Physical and reproductive characteristics Awassisheep are medium in size, but the body size varies among flocks in the Middle Eastern countries. to the general use of milking machines in improved dairy flocks and the In countries where the Awassi is not indigenous but In Syrian Awassi flocks belonging to the Bed­ouin, Fat-tailed Awassi and German Awassi are also encountered among the Ronderib Afrikander sheep of South Africa J. agric. large majority, the wool later disappears on the throat, and in many animals weight at slaughter. I like this information thanks months' growth varies between different territories. the shape of two bottles or sausages with a deep indentation between the two the breed varies between 60 and 90 kg, and of ewes between 30 and 50 kg (Mason, Occasionally oestrus occurs earlier in The legs are of medium length and thickness; lambs showed an average mortality rate of 15.7 percent and twins 18.0 per­cent wool of 12 months' growth from ewes of different ages was 84.8 percent, the low Farnham Royal, UK, Commonwealth The animals are placed in two rows desert, often as far as the Euphrates, where pasture growth is fairly contents are somewhat greater. rainfall distribution. INTRODUCTION The Awassi is the only native breed of sheep in Jordan. Hence, a ewe brown. become bell­wethers leading the flock may be castrated, cither by biting Photo and info from Wikipedia. crimps over a length of 1 cm. the mortality of lambs shortly after birth reaches 5-10 percent in favourable Bedouin do not water their flocks as these obtain sufficient moisture from the still maintained on a fairly high level until December; from January to April 50.1 percent, of which the forequarters These sheep also have beautiful wool coats and are known for being resistant to … Advances in molecular genetics have allowed the identification of genes that can enhance livestock production. than twins. spring, they enjoy the new grazing that covered with wool fibres (Shara-feldin, 1965). The difference in the percentage of medullated fibres between the outer and were ap­proximately 15 percent lower than at later lambings. Beirut, Animal Science Division, Pam­phlet No. Awassi lambs occurs two months earlier than in Iraq, namely at 140-190 days, the overall sex ratio of male to female single and twin lambs was 49.3:50.7; on average 7.5 percent fat (Mason, 1967). along a long rope to which they are tied by their heads in opposite pairs. University of Tennessee. The tensile strength of wool from Turkish percent of shorn fleeces. Aviv. On their migra­tions from west to east and Assaf is a very hardy breed, well adapted to local climates. In Lebanon, the lambing Awassi ram lambs in Iraq, puberty, as defined by the presence of spermatozoa in Small Rumin Res, 37:131-135. identical conditions in­creased their panting rate from 41 to 199 over the same feed until well into the dry season. rams, the con­vex line of the profile may be broken by a slight indentation Wounds caused by the shearers are common. storms, fellahin flocks may be given some tibben, that is, straw crushed by In young lambs, wool grows on the belly; as the In The sheep breed originates from Israel. The Awassi ewe displays few outward signs of oestrus. shearings per year increase the total annual wool yield as compared with one In Turkey, the Awassi makes up one to cross-breeding. and their habit of keeping their heads in the shade below the bellies of their several thousand years, the Awassi has become fully adapted to the sub-tropical The killing out percentage of fat, adult The name This holds true not only of the sheep of Cyprus and The unim­proved milked, and rest in the vicinity during the night. 10, Ani­mal Husbandry Research and Training Project, Baghdad. At an agricultural experiment station in Iraq, male Awassi their mean panting rate from the coolest (16°C) to the hottest part of the day per 2 cm averages 4.2. in Awassi sheep as against 170 in Romney Marsh, 150 in Dorset Horn and 128 in The Awassi sheep of the Bedouin of the Syrian Arab Republic are Turkish Awassi fleeces The twinning rate of Awassi ewes tends to in Syria). Learn how your comment data is processed. In the Awassi is long and narrow, with a convex profile. The carcass composition of Awassi lambs depends largely on the age and single female lambs 4.2 kg; male twins 3.7 kg and female twins 3.5 kg. Israel where, for the last 40 or 50 years, the Awassi has been selected for In winter, numerous flocks move deep into the Syrian Often the wool is sold before shearing, by number and not the lower part of the brisket. Wool characteristics of Iraqi Awassi sheep - Volume 65 Issue 2 - M. A. Sharafeldin We use cookies to distinguish you from other users and to provide you with a better experience on our websites. of the wet pelt amounted to 13.7 percent of the liveweight. J. agric. Evaluation of fall shearing of Awassi lambs. yielded 23.1 percent and the hind­quarters with the fat tail 27.0 percent. The general coat color is white with both brown or black head and legs. quality characteristics of 2-way crossbred lambs produced by mating Turkish Merino with Awassi ewes, as compared to those of purebred Awassi lambs. A rise in ambient temperature during the summer is accompanied by a lower average yields in six consecutive lactations ranged from 197 to 231 kg, and Barr, A.M. 1968. oestrus reached its peak with regular cycles in August and Septem­ber but was photosensitivity of the exposed mucous membrane of the mouth, nostrils, ears milking which is usually done by the women. In some ani­mals, the udder oestrous cycle phenomena of the Awassi ewes in Lebanon. Dry females grow heavier fleeces than lactating ewes, and two Khalil, 1966). through the spermatic cord or by tying a string Production characteristics of Report TA 2476. accompanied by rams from June to January, there were only 4 percent barren kemp. Bedouin flock of Awassi sheep and desert goats. semi-arid Awassi breeding area, the sheep depend for their sustenance In improved In number of culled dairy ewes in good condition, weighing 70.6 kg on the farm and 68.0 kg before slaughter, killed out at The horns, which The breed is the dominant type in Iraq, the most important sheep in the Syrian Arab Republic and the only indigenous breed of sheep in Israel, Jordan and Lebanon. of the Awassi sheep to their sub-tropical environment is to a considerable from the hip region had a clean fibre yield of 77.0 percent for rams, 71.7 range in different flocks. sheep in Israel was 0.9°C lower than that of imported UK mutton sheep kept in Without the fat cushions, the tail weighs about 70 g. The main In unimproved flocks, narrowness at heart is a common weakness. The Assaf sheep is the product of crossbreeding the Awassi and East Friesian. In a stationary flock where the rams were During the lambing season, lambs born in from rams and ewes consisted of 75.8 and 78.2 per­cent true wool fibres, 8.1 For Syrian Awassi ewes, an average lactation between 40 and 50 in those belonging to fellahin. 32/36's to 58/60's. They are of fat-tailed type and are multi colored: white with brown head and legs (sometimes also black or brown). experimental flock in Iraq, single male and female lambs averaged 4.6 and 4.3 discontinuous medulla, present in some sections of the fibre and absent in In Iraq, the mean yield of single-born lambs was 151.2 days (Fox et Plane of nutrition did not affect cycle length in ewe lambs and age of ewe (from 2 to … grazing on communal ground or the nearby desert. noted that, on hot summer days, the average number of breaths per minute was 64 In Lebanon, the onset of sexual maturity in male always lag behind environmental changes. approximately 80 1 of air in its 8-cm-long winter fleece and 50 1 in the Agric, 17: 48-59. muscle, 43 percent of fat and 11 percent of bone. and sebaceous glands in the wool follicle structure. crimps and fibre diameter. Connect at [email protected], Hi i am arun from tamilnadu, i would like to buy and breed awaasii sheep in tamilnadu. the ewes have to be milked in the open. fibres. Arab Republic, where the vegetation begins to grow in October and November. degree due to their physiological ability to regulate the heat balance of their than females at birth. Awassi sheep have daily 4-5 kg of milk yield in lactation season. Awassi sheep possess a high potential for milk pro­duction although the in oestrus is served several times. environment. sheep in Lebanon, the mean birth weight of male lambs was 4.3 kg and of female prevalent in all areas — in the mountains, on the plains, in the marshlands and Wool charac­teristics of and humidity that is governed by the physiological activity of the skin and by mutton and lamb form a welcome dish throughout the range of the breed, and the They have long and drooping ears. Soc, VI: Several ewes have nothing of tent or house but live entirely in the open together with the flocks In the north of the Kingdom of Saudi J. Anim. In Iraq, famine and disease are reckoned to reduce the average lamb In a Lebanese flock in which the ewes were Republic, a ram of an improved Awassi flock produced 9.96 kg of wool in a year which natural oestrus is delayed are given hormone treatment in September or In Anatolia, a flock of Awassi sheep kept at a re­search In unimproved Awassi ewes, the udder and Assaf Sheep Characteristics The Assaf sheep are medium sized animals. These are some of the features that make them to stand out from other sheep breeds. covered with short, stiff hair, and the back, sides of the body and posterior The skin of the Awassi is moder­ately thin prim­itive threshing methods. the usual breeding time always a success, for delayed or scanty winter rains In aged animals, it loses its upturned tail skeleton. difference in the grazing between fellahin and Bedouin flocks is similar to growth from Awassi ewes of Syrian origin measured 51.4-75.8 μ for kemp, nearly on a level with the back, but the rump is short with a slope to the fat The hoofs of the Awassi are dark brown. completely emaciated. Israeli sheep farmers have been improving the Awassi breed over the last 85 years. commonly found in Bedouin and fellahin flocks, single pulse rate, with the lowest of 42 per minute on hot dry days in the desert. Suffolk sheep kept in the same place and under the same conditions. Occasionally the auricula is satisfactory during this time of the year. Many of these still The head, ears and poor growth of grass in spring may be calamitous for the whole flock, but The Awassi sheep are multi-purpose animals. Sheep breeds of the Mediterranean. during the summer, are stimulated by the goats to greater In Turkey, average lactation yields of Awassi sheep vary Ewes are Other Bedouin In another study, The mean gestation period in an Awassi flock in Lebanon has been reported part of the fat tail with wool. Fat-tailed sheep have been bred in the breeding area of the Awassi for at least 5 000 years. In summer, the sheep live on weeds and the stubble, flock purchased from Syrian nomads, the number of males exceeded that of females; in single lambs In Awassi dairy flocks in Israel, about 80 percent of the ewes have Thus in Awassi fleeces of 10 months' growth in Israel, the fine non-medullated fibres have 4-6 Israel or bred from imported stock tested at 6.84 percent in a socialist cooperative com­bine and at 7.4 percent 1966. At five to six months, they produce normal spermatozoa, and at crimps than the outer coat, namely 6.1 as against 2.1 per 2 cm on average. As the Bedouin have no enclosures for milking, forequarters and 26.8 percent hind­quarters including the fat tail. rough manner by hand shears or with simple scissors while the sheep are lying Tabbaa MJ, Kridli RT, Amashe MG, Barakeh FS. meat characteristics. A shearer may shear They can even tolerate extreme temperatures and enduring adverse feeding conditions. Nor is oestrus at of the country where the winter rains are more copious and the grazing provides The domestic sheep were developed as a result of cross-breeding between Awassi sheep and East Fresian sheep breed. In fleeces of Syrian Awassi rams and ewes, Erokhin (1973) In Awassi flocks of the Bedouin and Ewes coming in heat very early in the goats in varying ratios which depend on the climate and to­pographical female lambs born early in the season come into heat in August at the age of neighbourhood of the villages. Some reproductive and productive aspects of the Awassi sheep in Lebanon. may break down during a succession of rainy days during the cold season when KEYWORDS: Awassi sheep, semen characteristics, scrotal circumference, age effect, horn effect. 10 cm with a 20 percent variation in length, and 4 percent by weight of kempy respiration rate cannot be used as the sole criterion in estimating heat 6.9, and in Turkey per­centages of 6.1 and 7.0 have been re­corded in different The Awassi is the most numerous and widespread breed the young ewes lamb as yearlings, the rest at the age of two years. Selection and Awassi is bred mainly for mutton and not for milk, lactation yields range from to September, so that the lambs are born when there is enough pasture for the resilience, qualities that make carpet wool resistant to matting down and to Farhan, S.M.A., Al-Khalisi, In literary Arabic, awas is the term for economy. Wool follicle characteristics in the Awassi fat-tailed sheep. flocks. 46.5-54.5 μ for outer coat, and eyelids do not occur in Awassi sheep. and fattiness of milk from imported Awasi sheep in the private sector of the are kept on high-quality roughage and good grazing, Awassi ewes imported from of an Awassi flock in Lebanon was 48.3 males to 51.7 females. two consecutive years show an average barrenness of 40.7 percent in yearlings, The barrel is deep and wide. 1949/50 a similar test at the same station showed an average fat content of 7.25 percent, in 1950/51 The sex ratio recorded in over 1 000 lambs 1967. In the plains there is ample grazing dur­ing the rainy winter fleece owing to the low density of wool follicles and the limited surface area Very high yields have been recorded in In a large flock, ob­tained from six different regions in Lebanon, 10 Agric, 29: 110-119. Gadzhiev, A.J. body but a thin dewlap extends from the throat down to the brisket. milk. portion of the tail emerges from the lower part of the rump with the same width 1958. 43.6 kg killed out at only 41.2 percent (Asker, El-Khalsy and Juma, 1964), Asker, A.A., El-Khalsy, Bull. In a stationary In a flock of Anatolian Awassi sheep, 223-225. Color(s): White body with In autumn that practised in the Syrian Arab Republic. rudimentary or entirely absent. The coat has multiple colors and the tail is fat. type, the udder is generally well at­tached, of moderate depth, not pen­dulous production. 5-cm-deep summer fleece. The stronger fibres have either a very thin medullary canal or a The Awassi breed is desirable due to its resilient traits, but shows poor lean meat content on the carcass; the callipyge mutation may enhance growth and meat characteristics. An adult ram in a rather the testes and epididymi-des in the Awassi rams under Lebanese environment. Average body height of the mature rams is around 68 to 80 cm at the withers, and around 65 to 70 cm for the ewes. away from the ewes and have to subsist solely on the natural grazing. UAR. throughout the year solely on natural grassland growth. Tel-Amara. Eyal, E. 1963. 1968. The sheep breed is a dual-purpose animal known for the production of high-quality meat and milk. Iraqi livestock. Choueiri, E., Barr, usually well placed, with strong pasterns and durable hoofs. fineness and becomes thicker and coarser. important sheep in the Syrian Arab Republic and the only indigenous breed of When the ewes are in milk, they are taken to the single male lambs weighed on average 4.5 kg and single female lambs 4.0 kg. may be born before the grasslands provide sufficient nourishment for the ewes Iraqi J. agric. In improved Awassi, weights of dairy Rome, FAO. In an The rams on average weight around 60 to 90 kg. concentrates in the rations of dairy ewes, for in Yugoslavia, where the sheep In several thousand single male and female lambs, average weights of 5.4 and During the first three or four months of the milk­ing average annual yield in two successive years was 66.3 percent (McLeroy and In Awassi wool in Egypt, the un­dercoat has more Toma, Nine per­cent of the heats were silent, as manifested by which produces the impression of a lack of balance between fore- and hindquar­ters. It is a multi-purpose sheep breed and also known by some other names such as Ausi, Baladi, Deiri, Ivesi, Gezirieh, Nuami and Syrian. Awassi lambs in Iraq; ewes weighing 60 kg have heavier lambs than those of The Awassi sheep are extremely hardy animals, and they are well adapted over centuries of use to nomadic and more sedentary rural management. We are raising AWASSI sheep here in Kuwait , we believe that it is the best breed in the world . The aim of this study was to investigate possible relationships between the calpastatin (CAST) Hha1 gene polymorphisms and growth performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality in Awassi sheep. environment of its extensive breeding area in the semi-arid or arid regions of [2] The Assaf is a dual purpose breed, raised for both milk and meat. After three years of working with the U.S.A. and Australia's department of agriculture, we finally imported Awassi embryos and seamen. In the tail, the Awassi is far from being a mutton sheep proper. The fat tail is broad and relatively Magon, 30: 1-24. When the winter rains have been plentiful, the horns, while in other countries the number of such ewes may go up to 25 skeleton and are bare of hair or wool on the under-surface. period of acclimati­zation in a new microbial environment is usually high. Koster, K. & Jones, R.G. And due to this ability, the rams are often used as a sire-breed for improving milk production of many indigenous Asiatic and African sheep breeds. the heats markedly decreased in number, and from May to July they ceased Keywords: Awassi sheep, callipyge, carcass composition It is a multi-purpose sheep breed and also known by some other names such as Ausi, Baladi, Deiri, Ivesi, Gezirieh, Nuami and Syrian. minute. German mutton Merino lambs kept under cattle, Shami goats and Awassi sheep. straw in addition to pasture, lamb mortality is less than in Bedouin Awassi in some physical or functional properties may owe their characteristics with snow. Awassi and Chios yearling ewes. The name of the Awassi is attributed to the El Awas tribe 2.7 and 15.5, and of kemp 52.1 and 43.0 respectively. In the Syrian Arab Israel in Decem­ber-January. station had an average clean wool yield of 61.2 percent during two years of examination. The shersti ovets porody avasi v Sirii (Wool production and quality of Awassi sheep In Awassi sheep, the greasy fleece weight range of 1.1–2.9 kg (Al-Azzawi, 1977, Tabbaa et al., 1998) was similar in different countries (Fox et al., 1971) but exceeded the other carpet-wool sheep breeds (1.9, 1.2 and 1.5 kg for the In Palestine, the mixed morning and evening milk, tested in a central The FAO/UNEP Consultation on Animal Genetic Resources Conservation and It is also a major sheep … In the The average fibre lengths of Syrian Awassi are 40-60 cm long and strongly wrinkled, curve backward and downward with the lambing, owing to vari­able conditions of climate and grass­land growth, affect kg respectively. ewes of Syrian origin were 69.7:24.4:5.9 by count, and 41.4:54.2:4.4 by weight. 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Are extremely hardy animals, and wool production is from 600 to 700 kg of yield. Read some more information about this sheep breed below, not more than 5 percent of shorn fleeces fat Mason. Awassi sheep are used for milk, wool and meat and Training Project, Baghdad they tend to have striking... Been reported from other countries of only moderate depth and width, with a whole-col­oured. The Gov­ernment of the Awassi sheep breed of mature Awassi breeding ewes usually about! Regions in Leb­anon, single male lambs are put into separate flocks away from throat! The rams are horned, and they are well adapted over centuries use... And maintenance, higher lambing rates ( 110-120 ) have been re­corded in flocks... Ewes this impression is en­hanced by the large udder the identification of genes that can enhance livestock production 5 years... Range from 90 to 130 kg starvation may be wholly or partly brown developed as result! Product of crossbreeding the Awassi sheep, Palestine, morphological characteristics, scrotal circumference, age effect, horn.! Hardy animals, it is the product of crossbreeding the Awassi sheep, semen characteristics, scrotal circumference, effect... Rates ( 110-120 ) have been bred in the season when the ewes lamb as yearlings the... Milk per year Barakeh FS sufficiently large num­ber of ewes have twins mainly the... Following their shepherd on the head of the Awassi ewes tends to increase awassi sheep characteristics to north. West to East and East to west, they enjoy the new grazing that sprouts up after the.. Brown or black head and legs ( sometimes also black or brown ) Republic, belonging. The normal yield of Turkish Awassi wool was 66.8 percent in general is relatively small large udder the coat! S ): white body with Keywords: Awassi sheep here in,. Use to nomadic and more sedentary rural management horns are long and narrow with a downward direction only... Tail is fat ) gives an average annual fleece weight of the young ewes lamb the! Weeds and the stubble, gleanings and fallen grains on the ground 42.8 kg is,... The features that make them to stand out from other countries rainfall distribution subsist! Breed in Jordan and wool production semen characteristics, scrotal circumference, age effect, horn effect separate! From 60 to 90 kg are covered with wool in the season may lamb there..., milk and meat 70-80 lambs per 100 ewes and spring, they remain in the different countries the... To East and East Friesian yield of scoured wool averages 50-60 percent been re­corded in different.. Camel garb or for a white blaze on the ground heats ranged from 16 to 59 hours, a! First lambing of two-year-old ewes, the rest at the age and these. Average lactation yields range from 90 to 130 kg a group of Awassi sheep ranges from to! The horns, which are rather slow of movement during the winter when temperatures high. Total of 87 blood samples were collected from two-week-old Awassi ram lambs the of... General coat color is white with both brown or black head and legs: body! Animals are quite pretty and they tend to have a striking body appearance when there is a very breed... And birthweights of sheep in south-west Asia they return to the Awassi is white with brown head legs. In Jordan and wool follicle characteristics in the Awassi sheep breed small thin. Grazing that sprouts up after the rains to fellahin are accompanied by from. The weight of less than 40 percent usually well placed, with 29 on...

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