Had the Romans faced the Spartans they would have beaten them by some new strategy but the Spartans would have held out until the last man. SPARTA GOVERNMENT Sparta was ruled by two kings. Parnon (1,935 m). Modern scholars have advanced various theories to account for the anomaly. Pour autoriser Verizon Media et nos partenaires à traiter vos données personnelles, sélectionnez 'J'accepte' ou 'Gérer les paramètres' pour obtenir plus d’informations et pour gérer vos choix. They thought of themselves as Greeks. In the pre-Classical period, ancient Greece was … Spartan Laws and Government The Spartans preferred many rulers for their country. All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. Sparta had two kings ruling together but at the same time creating a system of checks and balances in a modified version of a democratic society. Sparta was based on oligarchy and had two rulers. Nos partenaires et nous-mêmes stockerons et/ou utiliserons des informations concernant votre appareil, par l’intermédiaire de cookies et de technologies similaires, afin d’afficher des annonces et des contenus personnalisés, de mesurer les audiences et les contenus, d’obtenir des informations sur les audiences et à des fins de développement de produit. Spartiates were full citizens of the Spartan state (or part of the demos). Terrence A. Boring: Literacy in Ancient Sparta, E.J.Brill, Leiden Netherlands 1979. The Council of Elders consisted of two kings and 28 other men. An oligarchy meant the ruling power was in the hands of only a few people. There was an assembly of citizens, but this did not have the power of the citizen assembly in democratic Athens. What subjects did students take in Ancient Sparta and why? Helots were the state-owned serfs who made up 90 percent of the population. The council was made up of the two kings and twenty-eight elders. Some theorize that this system was created in order to prevent absolutism, and is paralleled by the analogous instance of the dual consuls of Rome. All classical Greek city-states had a politeia; the politeia of Sparta however, was noted by many classical authors for its unique features, which supported a rigidly layered social system and a strong hoplite army. Lycurgus had conceived also political institutions, established after consulting with the Delphic oracle. Sparta had a government that consisted of two kings (one from the Agrid family and one from the Eurypontid family), five Ephors (supreme magistrates), the Gerousia (council of elders) and the … No. A military oligarchy is a government in which the military exercises control over the people. Only those who had successfully undertaken military training, called the agoge, and who were members in good standing of syssitia (mess hall), were eligible. In the late 8th and the 7th centuries BCE, there was a military revolution that established the primacy of hoplite infantry. The Perioeci were free, unlike the helots, but were not full Spartan citizens. Accession was given to the male child who was first born after a king's accession. Document outlining the structure of ancient Spartan government, Structure of Spartan society and government, Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spartan_Constitution&oldid=1000070501, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 January 2021, at 12:05. It sponsors the first Olympic Games in 776 BCE, and, during the same decade, Homer’s landmark epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey are first committed to writing. Introduction. But the Spartans were the best warriors in all of Greece. In addition to the kings, there were five ephors (magistrates) that were elected from aristocratic families. In 508 B.C., Athens became one of the first societies in ancient times to … Spartan Constitution. The Spartans had no historical records, literature, or written laws, which were, according to tradition, prohibited. A Spartan citizen in good standing (a Spartiate) was one who maintained his fighting skills, showed bravery in battle, ensured that his farms were productive, was married and had healthy children. Similar to Athens, Sparta also had an assembly, but the important desicions were made by a group called the Council Of Elders. How were they different? iii. Socrates - Socrates - Background of the trial: The trial of Socrates in 399 bce occurred soon after Athens’s defeat at the hands of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War (431–404 bce). After the ephors were introduced, they, together with the two kings, were the executive branch of the state. Sparta was ruled by two kings and a Council of Elders. This type of government is called an oligarchy. But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. As the head figure of religion in Sparta, the kings were the priests of Zeus, Lacedaemonis and Zeus Uranius. Over time, the kings became mere figureheads except in their capacity as generals. Sparta had two kings ruling together but at the same time creating a system of checks and balances in a modified version of a democratic society. A Spartan kings’ duties were classified as religious, military, judicial roles. It was governed by a system that comprised elements of monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. Spartan Government. In the pre-Classical period, ancient Greece was composed of small geographic units ruled by … Not only were Sparta and Athens military rivals during those years, they also had radically different forms of government. These kings would lead the army in times of war. The ephors, chosen by popular election from the whole body of citizens, represented a democratic element in the constitution. Subsequently the two chiefs from the largest villages became kings. What type of government did the Greeks have? That is to say that after the people had been divided according to their different tribes ("phyles" and "obes"), they would welcome the new Lycurgan reforms. What kind of person was allowed on the council of Sparta? One of the classical Greek city-state of Sparta Zeus and they sat on the other hand, Sparta had. Few citizens have a say more concerned with perfecting their military did Sparta Athens. 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