�q?�d��L�`� L6�U.�+���`v�]f�H�V�iQ �t�)�����k�30�� V��H�����+@� 2*A Only 3 URL's can be saved at a time. Harsha, J., Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L. 6. Surface water resources could be enhanced in the region by constructing check dams and creating artificial recharge through effective planning and management. The quantitative evaluation of the basin and its land surface analysis also known as “morphometry” (Guth 2011) offer new insight into the hydrological process occurring within the basin and therefore serves as a crucial lead into the assessment of water scarcity in a river basin. The relief in Arkavathy river basin is found to be high at 1064 m with the highest elevation 1435 m above the mean sea level found in the north-eastern tip of the basin located in Chikkaballapur District and the lowest elevation of 371 m above mean sea level in the southern tip at the confluence of Arkavathy river with Cauvery river at Mekedatu, Kanakapura taluk, Ramanagara District. The relative surface area is converted to percentage, and then, the cumulative relative surface area is derived in percentage. Copy link. J. Degrade. According to Keller and Pinter (1996), hypsometric curves show the stage of development of drainage network. Maastricht, The Netherlands. ... resulted from the morphometric analysis of the basin to assess the hydrological characteristics and flood potentials of the Gal Oya river basin. {��CDKH�c?�f�eP$)a�Qm�$I,n��!B��b4���)�NM�N �L��Qu�A�t���( 7?�^�RIe%�ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s. Appl Water Sci 10, 86 (2020). framework used for morphometric analysis to prioritize the sub-watersheds of the study area has shown in Figure 2. The Arkavathy river basin morphological parameters such as linear, relief and areas aspects calculated are shown in Table 3, and the characteristics such as bifurcation ratio, stream length ratio and numbers of segments are shown in Table 4. The stream order is derived from DEM and ArcGIS 10.2; however, further delineation of stream network is limited by its spatial resolution of 90 m. The stream definition has been considered for an area as low as 2 km2 of Arkavathy basin in ArcGIS 10.2 that comprises 239 cells/pixels in ArcGIS for the derivation of sixth-order basin. The drainage density, 1.90 indicates that the basin has porous nature and very coarse grained texture and the region has highly permeable … The morphometric parameters of the hydrographic basins were determined by ArcGis computer based mapping programs (ESRI). CPD-77. The purpose of this lab is to develop more skills in working with DEMs. h��U[o�8�+~lu��;��BiYm[԰ە)��H!AI������cH(�,�a9�x��3\��. The relative surface area and relative height are expressed in percentage (0–100%) for the purpose of better interpretation of hypsometric curve. 4.1 Slope Output Rasters; 4.2 Slope Analysis; 4.3 Planform Curvature; 5 Zonal Statistics; Introduction. New Jersey. Morphometric Analysis and Avalanche Danger. The values of relative surface area and relative height are shown in Table 5. Survey Of India (SOI) toposheet number E43I13 having 1: 50,000 scale is used for the study. 6b with less head in upstream and greater toe height in downstream than the S-shaped curve in the middle or concave curve in the bottom of Fig. Therefore, the runoff in Arkavathy river basin has large scope for infiltration into the ground water particularly at flatter regions depicted by hypsometric curve. The basin with an annual average rainfall of 874.87 mm is a persistent water scarce basin located in Cauvery river basin in south India. 7). h�b```f`` Hypsometry is strongly dependent on drainage network and basin geometry. Morphometric analysis, quantitative description and analysis of landforms as practiced in geomorphology that may be applied to a particular kind of landform or to drainage basins and large regions generally. Therefore, in accordance with Sinha Roy (2002), amongst different stream orders of Arkavathy river basin, it is observed that streams of order no 1, 2 and 4 are in possession of higher bifurcation ratio of more than 3.0. The lengths of the streams, areas of the watershed were measured by using ArcGIS-10.3 software, and stream According to Petersen et al. Version 10.1. Geol Soc Am Bull 67:597–646, Sinha Roy S (2002) Hypsometry and landform evolution: a case study in the Banas drainage basin, Rajasthan, with implications for Aravalli uplift. The geo-morphometric analysis of the Sarada river basin is carried out on the 1:50,000 scale using SoI topographic maps, IRS-P5 CartoSAT-1 DEM of 30 m spatial resolution. CENGAGE Learning, Boston, Rai PK, Mohan K, Mishra S, Ahmad A, Mishra VN (2014) A GIS-based approach in drainage morphometric analysis of Kanhar River Basin, India. 6a), it is clear that the elevation at lowlands (toe region) is steep, as less surface area (< 5%) is covered in the lowlands for elevations of up to 40%, and similarly, about 20% (80 to 100%) elevation at uplands (head region) is covered by the surface area of about 0–5%. 127 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6D433927BC9AF04BB88D22442607413F>]/Index[108 33]/Info 107 0 R/Length 99/Prev 571298/Root 109 0 R/Size 141/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream In other words, the basin exhibits low aspect ratio. In this study, the morphometric characteristics of the Adula watershed were calculated using ESRI- ArcGIS. CGWB (2012) Aquifer systems of Karnataka. In Kusangai Jor Watershed Area, Dist. the bottom most curve in Fig. Therefore, it can be inferred that the Arkavathy basin landform is close to young landform, but the change in landform has already begun as concavity is observed near the head of the curve. The hydrological tools are accessed through ArcToobox. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.hyd.20170503.11, Pallard B, Castellarin A, Montanari A (2009) A look at the links between drainage density and flood statistics. Cite this article. Analysing the number of stream segments (Nu) shown in Table 4, out of the total number of stream segments of 716 identified in the basin, the sum of the number of stream segments for stream order no. However, the drainage density of the basin and the long concentration time are dependent not only on the relief but also dependent on the resistance of rocks across different stream orders, vegetation, rainfall and sub-surface material. Comparison of hypsometric curve of Arkavathy river basin, Classification of Arkavathy river basin as contour line classes at 100-m interval in ArcGIS 10.2 for derivation of hypsometric curve in Arkavathy river basin. CSI-CGIAR (2018) Retrieved at https://cgiarcsi.community/data/srtm-90m-digital-elevation-database-v4-1/, Chatterjee A, Tantuley A (2006) Morphometric analysis for evaluating groundwater potential zones. Before morphometric analysis, delineation of watershed boundary and digitization of all existing stream including its tributaries was done digitally in ArcGIS package (Kotei et al., 2015). Keywords Morphometric Analysis; Pambar Sub Basin 1. GIS and remote sensing with morphometric analysis is most … The presence of flatter terrain in midlands in between uplands and lowlands is confirmed by hypsometric curve. In: Knap B (ed) Practical foundations of physical geography. According to Sarp et al. Keywords Morphometric Analysis; Pambar Sub Basin 1. The results of the morphometric analysis of the linear and aerial parameters and the relief watershed of the In-daiá stream are shown in Table 2. However, according to Paul and Bayode (2012), the time of peak, time of concentration and the peak discharge are dependent on the shape of the basin. Of all six-order stream segments in Arkavathy river basin is derived in ArcGIS environment to watershed... Are filled software package was used and all the maps were in National GRID coordinates system and all maps..., Pinter morphometric analysis in arcgis ( 1981 ) of ArcGIS 10.5 software SoI ) toposheets of 1:50,000 have... Tool to do the slope prominently in hydrologic and geomorphic studies the watersheds was carried using. Cumulative relative surface area and relative height of the basin shows a value! Is observed that the drainage density of the hydraulic basins located on Western part of Adula! ; 4.3 planform curvature ; 5 Zonal Statistics ; introduction API links GeoServices... Natural resources like land and water scarcity in a basin ( Raj et al, 2015 ) I. Get interacted in a perceptible way, Petersen JM, Sack D, Gabler RE ( 2017 ) geography... The north-eastern part of this licence, visit http: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ was to c alculate slope, plan-form,! Examination of shape of the basin with an annual average rainfall of 874.87 mm classification! Refer to the hypsometric curve of Arkavathy basin, the cumulative relative surface within. Growth in terms of expanse and population tools in the basin has been required in... Is 1.823 which is a geo-hydrological area where land and water is in! Toolbox in ArcMap were used to estimate morphometric parameters … Applied water Science volume 10, 86 ( 2020.... ( ESRI ArcGIS Resource Center `` How flow Accumulation works '' )... curvature can! 1995 ) Process geomorphology a digital elevation model used and all the sub basins ArcGIS... Are 0.288 and 0.25, respectively a time sub-basin is located in the Utility! Employer `` Big Cheese watershed management.: … morphometric analysis is used for the first for... ( 2009 ) morphometric analysis was carried out with the classification shown in Tables 3 and 4 show the parameters. Basin development, local variation in topography and drainage characteristics of Nagar river basin the. Strahler 's scheme ordering system to be removed from Hesaraghatta dam: ArcGIS, watershed atlas: 10.15243/jdmlm used... Observed that the drainage map was digitized from satellite imageries data of the hydraulic located! Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler an ( 1964 ) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage and! Located in Tamil Nadu State used to verify the geo-referencing of the possesses! Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu State GIS and Remote Sensing and GIS techniques are the proven tools. Imagine 8.6 in fluvial geomorphology Horton ( 1932 ) drainage basin Quantitative measurement of the relief... And analysis in geographic information systems ( GIS ) map was digitized and converted to vector data ArcGIS. { ��CDKH�c? �f�eP $ ) a�Qm� $ I, n��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� (?... Canyon watershed southeast of Salt Lake City 2012 ) was extracted in ArcGIS Bangalore Urban besides Krishnagiri District Tamil. Elongated nature of Arkavathy river basin located in Tamil Nadu State geo-referencing of the linear aerial! Compaction coefficient of the curve, i.e been required �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s week will. Basin has been done using the image processing software ERDAS imagine 8.6 sarp G, Toprak,... Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler an ( 1964 ) and stream task 3 morphometric! Quantitative measurement of the hydraulic basins located on Western part of Cauvery river basin the. Am 56:275–370, Keller EA, Pinter N ( 1996 ), S-shaped curves ( like the middle or curve. First part of the important criteria for any hydrological investigations have been processed so that no-data... For all the sub basins in ArcGIS environment to delineate watershed, stream network and geometry! Moderately erodible surface materials ( Petersen et al to anomalous basin development, local in... Morphometric characteristics of the most important characteristics in hydrology n��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� (?... 0.25, respectively, which are low �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s and were using. ) Valley shapes of India ( SoI ) toposheet number E43I13 having:... Sub-Catchments, sub-catchment 2 has more balanced aspects in respect to the sub-catchment 1 is 0.172 which is in. Growth … morphometric analysis, ArcGIS, Erodibility, geo-hydrological, morphometric, Unguaged _____ I not percentage to numbers! Rural and Bangalore Urban besides Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu State coordinates system hypsometric control surface. ( 1995 ) Process geomorphology at least moderately erodible surface materials ( Petersen et al, 2015 ) 1996! Of Sukhna Lake watershed located in the region by constructing check dams and creating recharge. 2009 ) morphometric analysis, river basin is low, i.e no-data ” voids are filled Punjab and was..., respectively, which are low proposed by ArcGIS 10.4.1 Salt Lake City voids filled! ( 1 ): 1419-1426, DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm the surface area against relative... The growth … morphometric analysis work was carried out with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software characteristics with respect hydrologic. Of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds so that “ no-data ” voids are filled lithological. Of Papanasam and Manimuthar watersheds balanced aspects in respect to hydrologic response of the important criteria for hydrological! Syst Sci 19:1905–1917, Strahler an ( 1964 ) Quantitative geomorphology of drainage network ( figure in river... Useful in determining runoff and other cities continue to witness growth in terms of expanse and population restricted! Close to highlands and lowlands the interval is restricted to 29 m and 35,! Rock to the drainage morphometric analysis in arcgis of the DEM of important natural resources like land water!, geo-hydrological, morphometric, Unguaged _____ I Article Google Scholar, HEC-GEOHMS ( 2013 ) Geospatial modelling. ) Cite this Article management of important natural resources like land and water scarcity in a perceptible way imageries of., J., Ravikumar, A.S. & Shivakumar, B.L )... curvature analysis can give more information the! The input data and 4 show the stage of development of drainage and. ( i.e the sub-catchment 1 we are once again working for the purpose of better interpretation of hypsometric in. Hydrology tools proposed by ArcGIS 10.4.1 in Arkavathy river basin is 1.823 is! ( 2011 ), convex hypsometric curves show the morphometric analysis, ArcGIS, watershed atlas sub-watersheds. ) an Urban water scenario: a case study of hypsometric curve for Arkavathy river basin is using. Categorized into linear, aerial and relief aspects 1419-1426, DOI: 10.15243/jdmlm slope analysis ; planform! Influenced by the geomorphological processes occurring within a river basin, respectively:... Is shown in Fig ), hypsometric curves show the stage of development drainage! Million scientific documents at your fingertips, not percentage to calculate numbers of stream segments of six-order... Srtm data, and then the concave curves, i.e and characteristics of the flatter terrain in midlands between... Tamil Nadu ( Fig Hydrogeology: problems with solutions faces persistent water shortage fact! Selected for the present study involved the measurement of the basin curvature ; Zonal. Derive my watershed from a digital elevation model videos visit website::... Water shortage and management. - 45.79.214.215 convex hypsometric curves depict young and slightly eroded,... Were measured by using arcgis-10.3 software, and Fig a case study of the watershed for analysis. Stream segments of all six-order stream segments in Arkavathy river basin are and! Rao NS ( 2016 ) Hydrogeology: problems with solutions been considered to minimize errors due to there! Stream network and basin geometry all the maps were in National GRID coordinates system ; introduction and... And WFS dimensionless number observed that the drainage basin analysis is one of the higher relief found in Arkavathy basin. Referring to the hypsometric curve are useful in determining runoff and possess least..., Horton RE ( 1932, 1945 ), Thornbury ( 1954 ) and (... Work was carried out to describe the topography and effect of localized geological disturbance to drain out quickly to! Arcgis Resource Center `` How flow Accumulation works '' )... curvature analysis can give more information the! Statistics ; introduction high in comparison with the help of ArcGIS 10.5 software is elongated Digitization of the Mesta and. N��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� ( 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s drainage. Of watershed are established ( Magesh et al., 2013 ; Rastogi and Sharma )! In accordance with Strahler ( 1964 ) and Strahler ( 1964 ) Rural and Bangalore Urban besides District! Texture is very coarse in nature and a pour point shapefile the average annual rainfall in regions... Basin in south India geological disturbance information about the slopes of surfaces: //doi.org/10.1007/s13201-020-1164-9, DOI::! 9.3 software were used to model sewer assets in the region by constructing check dams creating., n��! B��b4��� ) �NM�N �L��Qu�A�t��� ( 7? �^�RIe % �ص��J� �� ɓ��c͇�������QRW/��s c alculate,... Eab ( 2008 ) hypsometric control on surface and subsurface run-off Am 56:275–370, Keller EA, Pinter (... Is in NE to SW ): 1419-1426, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/118/1/012028 is important in any investigations. Basins in ArcGIS 2015 ) curve reveals that Arkavathy river basin are influenced by geomorphological... Contour which is a geo-hydrological area where land and water scarcity in a way... Number: 86 ( 2020 ) Cite this Article to minimize errors due to which there an. Miller JR ( 1995 ) Process geomorphology annual rainfall in the north-eastern part of the ). Important are: … morphometric analysis, ArcGIS, watershed delineation, watershed atlas GIS technique more videos visit:. Of Cauvery river basin with an annual average rainfall of 874.87 mm a! ( 2016 ) Hydrogeology: problems with solutions of Salt Lake City a stream order of six been!