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Bulgarian women and children are subjected to forced prostitution within the country, particularly in resort areas and border towns, as well as in the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Austria, Germany, the Czech Republic, Finland, Portugal, Greece, Italy, Spain, Poland, Switzerland, Turkey, Cyprus, and Macedonia. Bulgarians of Turkish ethnicity and Romani women and girls, some as young as 13 years old, account for most of the sex trafficking victims identified in Bulgaria. They also made it possible for the study to receive sufficient funding. Country monitoring / Bulgaria / Bulgaria . Human trafficking can happen to people of all ages and genders and any race or religious background. Frederike Ambagtsheer - Erasmus MC University Hospital Rotterdam, The Netherlands . Bulgarian women and children are subjected to sex trafficking throughout Western Europe and in Bulgaria, particularly in the capital, resort areas, and border towns. [13] Eighty percent of North Koreans who escape into China are women.Nine out of 10 of those women become victims of human trafficking, often for sex.If the women complain, they are deported back to North Korea, where they are thrown into gulags or are executed. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with … Assya Pascalev - Bulgarian Center for Bioethics, Bulgaria . Human trafficking. In Bulgaria, trafficking in human beings for the purpose of sexual exploitation remains the prevailing form of exploitation, however, the number of trafficking 4victims for labor exploitation and forced begging continues to grow as well. [1], The Government of Bulgaria does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so. In a separate case, nine police officers of a local anti-organized crime unit in Vratsa were dismissed from office for assisting a trafficking group, although none of these officials were prosecuted for complicity in human trafficking. Bulgarian law enforcement officials also partnered with law enforcement counterparts from seven other European countries during 17 joint human trafficking investigations. Human Trafficking. Action against Trafficking in Human Beings. Secondly, the international legal framework will be outlined and in particular the legally binding documents, ratified by the Bulgarian government. The Eurostat 2015 report notes that Romania was one of the top five countries of origin for victims of human trafficking in the EU, as registered by organizations (governmental and nongovernmental) throughout the bloc. Firstly, the phenomenon of human trafficking in Bulgaria will be analysed. Posted: Nov 12, 2019 / 12:04 PM CST / Updated: Nov 12, 2019 / 10:08 PM CST. Cars of the pimps from Curtea de Arges who recruit girls from prostitution and customers for them: B-14-WXH (prostitute-pimp who was married with Caroli Pici, said Loti, a member of a criminal gang George Nan by world involved in human trafficking, kidnappings, usury and murders, thefts from apartments, and car thefts, and that on the June 20, 2004 abducted and kidnapped Anna Maria … In 2009, police conducted 131 new trafficking investigations including nine labor trafficking investigations, compared with 187 sex trafficking and 25 labor trafficking investigations conducted in 2008. In 2018, Bulgaria had a murder rate of 1.8 per 100,000 population. During the reporting period, the government partnered with NGOs and IOM to provide trafficking-specific training to 34 judges, 19 prosecutors, 60 labor inspectors, and 60 police officers. In 2009, two municipal councilors in Varna pleaded guilty to organized human trafficking, including forced prostitution following their arrest in the fall of 2008; one official was sentenced to one year of imprisonment and one official was sentenced to three years’ imprisonment. According to the National Human Trafficking Hotline, Phoenix ranked 16th on the list in 2016 with 478 calls, making up 1.76 percent of calls nationwide. World. The government continued to operate six child-crisis centers that provided rehabilitative, psychological, and medical assistance to identified child victims of trafficking, as well as other children in distress. Approximately 100 victims were assisted by government-funded NGOs during the reporting period. Bulgaria prohibits trafficking for both commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor through Section 159 of its criminal code, which prescribes penalties of between two and 15 years’ imprisonment. [1], The Government of Bulgaria sustained its overall victim assistance and protection efforts during the year, though it penalized two identified victims of trafficking for crimes committed as a direct result of being trafficked. Bulgarian men, women, and children are subjected to conditions of forced labor in Greece, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom. Human trafficking is the trade of humans that can occur internationally or within a nation, often with a goal of forced marriage, sexual slavery, forced labor, commercial sexual exploitation or the removal of organs. They are always individually based and don’t seem to suggest that trafficking is a system that relies on power structures of gender, race, and class. As such, any attempt to tackle it solely from a criminal perspective is likely to fail. In 2009, the government identified 289 victims of trafficking – including 44 children – and referred nearly all of them for assistance, compared with 250 victims identified in 2008. Human trafficking not only involves sex and labor, but people are also trafficked for organ harvesting. TRAFFICKING IN HUMAN BEINGS . Some Bulgarian children are forced into street begging and petty theft within Bulgaria and also in Greece and the United Kingdom. Difference Between Kidnapping and Human Trafficking? The government encouraged victims to assist in trafficking investigations and prosecutions; victims who chose to cooperate with law enforcement were provided with full residency and employment rights for the duration of the criminal proceedings; the government reported that no foreign victims requested temporary residency permits during the reporting period. Jessica de Jong - Central Division of the National Police , the Netherlands . President Obama declared January National Human Trafficking Awareness Month, making now a great time to raise awareness, donate to an anti-trafficking organization, or get involved in a volunteer project to combat trafficking.. Human trafficking has become sensationalized in many films and TV shows, and can show American anxieties that are based in historical narratives. Ethnic Roma women and children account for approximately 15 percent of Bulgarian trafficking victims. Monday September 11, 2017, 5:31 PM. The Human Trafficking and Exploitation Act, passed in 2015, made Northern Ireland the first and only place in the UK where the act of buying sex is a crime. Human trafficking can include selling victims into the sex trade industry, forced labor in factories, domestic servitude, forcing a victim to become someone’s spouse, or for the harvesting of human organs (see www.polarisproject.org for additional information regarding human trafficking). In 2009, Bulgaria amended Section 159 of its criminal code and increased the minimum penalty for trafficking offenses from one year’s imprisonment to two years’ imprisonment. 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